A gum graft is a process by which tissue is added to a part of your gums because the gums are receding or damaged. A graft is a term for the surgery to protect your teeth from the receding gums. Gum recession is when the tissue around the teeth starts to move away from the tooth. Gum recession leaves the tooth’s root exposed and can ultimately cause damage to the bone. Often this happens to roughly 4-12 % of adults and isn’t even noticed until it becomes more severe.
The gums recced at a slow pace, which makes it hard to notice until it becomes severe. An exposed root can cause the tooth to become sensitive or even cause the loss of a tooth if it becomes more serious. To prevent this from occurring a graft can be done as one of the solutions
There Are 3 Types Of Grafting Performed.
Connective tissue grafts
A flap of skin from the roof of your mouth (a similar cut to how a surgeon would get a tooth stuck in your gums out) and the tissue under that flap is taken and stitched to the exposed root or a receding line. When the grafting is done, the flap is stitched back up. This is done so that the root does not get exposed and so the tissue begins to protect the root and stay protecting it. This is the most typical method used.
Gingival grafts (free gingival grafts)
Similar to the previous method an incision is made into the top of your mouth. However, instead of using the tissue underneath the incision, the doctor will use the top layer tissue instead. The tissue is then attached to the receding gum and stitched. This method is commonly used for individuals who have naturally thin gums and need that extra protection by enlarging the weaker areas.
This method is different, as it doesn’t use any tissue except the tissue around the tooth already. The pedicle (the flap) is cut enough that it is barely attached to the tooth. Then after the incision, it is pulled up to cover the tooth and sewn in place. This method, unlike the other techniques, requires the individual to have plenty of tissue or the pedicle might rip too quickly and leave the roots exposed.
Some dentists or even the patients, depending on the situation, might decide on performing the gum graft be taking someone else’s tissue. The tissue is taken from a tissue bank, in which individuals donate their tissue. When recovering from surgery, your dentist might recommend that you take a tissue-stimulating protein. Tissue-stimulating proteins encourage bone and tissue growth.