The basic definition of an abscessed tooth is when it gets a painful infection in the root or between it and the gums. The primary cause of this is decay or trauma (broken, chipped, gingivitis, gum disease, etc.). The result is the inside becoming exposed to the outer environment because the enamel is worn down, which allows for bacteria to get inside. Soon the bacteria become an infection, which begins to spread from the root to the bones that support the tooth. Treatment will focus on preventing the disease from spreading as discussed below.
- Pain when eating
- Sensitive teeth
- Bad breath
- High body temperature (fever)
- Bitter taste in your mouth
- Discomfort or feeling ill
- Swollen mouth (jaw, gums)
- Sore Gums
- Swollen neck
These are the common symptoms of an abscessed tooth. Keep in mind that having these symptoms does not automatically mean you have that particular scenario. Only a dentist can accurately diagnose it. Also keep in mind that the pain may subside, however, this does not mean its healed.
Your dentist will most likely see how sensitive the tooth is using a dental appliance. Then an x-ray will be used to see what the problem is and determine what the problem is and how severe. These x-rays involve you biting down or closing your mouth tightly. The dentist will be looking at the bone and see if there is erosion.
The primary goal is to stop the infection and prevent any further damage or decay. Firstly, the tooth might be drained; this is most commonly known as a root canal. During the root canal, some damaged tissue in the roots will be removed once the infection begins to disappear. After the canal treatment, a crown is placed on top to prevent any bacteria from entering. There are other ways, such as an incision through the swollen tissue.
After the treatment, you will be given antibiotics to get rid of the infection, while a pain reliever might be given to you to reduce the pain that is occurring.
To prevent even having to go through treatment proper oral hygiene is crucial. Protecting your teeth is the best way to protect your teeth from any harm. However, sometimes you accidentally damage your teeth. If you notice pain, discomfort or anything relating to your teeth, be sure to talk to your dentist and get a checkup. Flossing, brushing and mouthwash help destroy the bacteria that attacks your enamel.